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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 116

of 'Treatment of relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma'

A phase 2 single-center study of carfilzomib 56 mg/m2 with or without low-dose dexamethasone in relapsed multiple myeloma.
Lendvai N, Hilden P, Devlin S, Landau H, Hassoun H, Lesokhin AM, Tsakos I, Redling K, Koehne G, Chung DJ, Schaffer WL, Giralt SA
Blood. 2014 Aug;124(6):899-906. Epub 2014 Jun 24.
Standard carfilzomib (20 mg/m(2) cycle 1, 27 mg/m(2) thereafter; 2- to 10-minute infusion) is safe and effective in relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma (R/RMM). We report phase 2 results of carfilzomib 20 mg/m(2) on days 1 to 2 of cycle 1, 56 mg/m(2) thereafter (30-minute infusion), in R/RMM with the option of adding dexamethasone (20 mg) for suboptimal response/progression. Forty-four patients enrolled, all having prior bortezomib and immunomodulatory drugs and a median of 5 prior regimens. Of 42 response-evaluable patients, 23 (55%) achieved at least partial response (PR). Median (95% confidence interval) duration of response, progression-free, and overall survival were 11.7 (6.7-14.7), 4.1 (2.5-11.8), and 20.3 months (6.4-not estimable), respectively. High-risk cytogenetics did not impact outcomes. Treatment was active in bortezomib-refractory subgroups, but these patients tended to have poorer outcomes. Four/10 patients with prior allogeneic transplant achieved at least PR. Of 6 patients who responded, progressed and had dexamethasone added, 4 achieved at least stable disease. The most frequent grade 3/4 adverse events (AEs) possibly related to carfilzomib included lymphopenia (43%), thrombocytopenia (32%), hypertension (25%), pneumonia (18%), and heart failure (11%). Seven patients (16%) discontinued treatment due to AEs. Carfilzomib 56 mg/m(2)±dexamethasone was tolerable and provided durable responses. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT01351623.
Myeloma Service, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY; Department of Medicine, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY; and.