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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 74

of 'Treatment of relapsed or refractory mantle cell lymphoma'

Outcomes after alemtuzumab-containing reduced-intensity allogeneic transplantation regimen for relapsed and refractory non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
Morris E, Thomson K, Craddock C, Mahendra P, Milligan D, Cook G, Smith GM, Parker A, Schey S, Chopra R, Hatton C, Tighe J, Hunter A, Peggs K, Linch D, Goldstone A, Mackinnon S
Blood. 2004;104(13):3865. Epub 2004 Aug 10.
We report the outcomes after reduced-intensity conditioning allogeneic stem cell transplantation (RIT) for non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in 88 patients (low-grade NHL [LG-NHL], n = 41; high-grade NHL [HG-NHL], n = 37; mantle cell lymphoma [MCL], n = 10). Thirty-seven patients had previously received autografts, and 21 were in complete remission (CR) at transplantation. Conditioning therapy consisted of alemtuzumab, fludarabine, and melphalan. Sixty-five patients received peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) from HLA-identical siblings, and 23 received bone marrow (BM) from matched unrelated donors. Prophylaxis for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) consisted of cyclosporin A. Grade III-IV acute GVHD developed in 4 patients, and chronic GVHD developed in 6 patients. With a median follow-up of 36 months (range, 18-60 months), the actuarial overall survival (OS) rates at 3 years were 34% for HG-NHL, 60% for MCL, and 73% for LG-NHL (P<.001). The 100-day and 3-year transplant-related mortality (TRM) rates for patients with LG-NHL were 2% and 11%, respectively, and were better (P = .01) than they were for patients with HG-NHL (27% and 38%, respectively). The actuarial current progression-free survival (PFS) rate at 3 years, including the rate for patients who achieved remission after donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) for progression, was 65% for LG-NHL, 50% for MCL, and 34% for HG-NHL (P = .002). Twenty-one patients underwent DLI for matched related donor (MD)-persistent disease or relapse, and 15 underwent DLI for mixed hematopoietic chimerism. Patients who experienced relapses of LG-NHL and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) achieved excellent PFS with extremely low TRM and GVHD, even when matched related donors were unavailable.
Department of Haematology, Royal Free and University College Hospitals Medical School, 98 Chenies Mews, London WC1E 6HX, United Kingdom. emma.morris@ic.ac.uk