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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 70

of 'Treatment of relapsed or refractory mantle cell lymphoma'

High-dose chemo-radioimmunotherapy with autologous stem cell support for relapsed mantle cell lymphoma.
Gopal AK, Rajendran JG, Petersdorf SH, Maloney DG, Eary JF, Wood BL, Gooley TA, Bush SA, Durack LD, Martin PJ, Matthews DC, Appelbaum FR, Bernstein ID, Press OW
Blood. 2002;99(9):3158.
Relapsed mantle cell lymphoma is a radiation-sensitive malignancy that is unlikely to be cured by treatment with conventional high-dose therapy and autologous stem cell transplantation. We tested the safety and efficacy of using a CD20-specific monoclonal antibody conjugated with (131)I to deliver high-dose radiation selectively to all lymphoma sites. Patients with relapsed or refractory mantle cell lymphoma received infusions of (131)I-labeled CD20-specific monoclonal antibody (Tositumomab). The antibody dose was 1.7 mg/kg body weight, and the amount of (131)I was calibrated to deliver 20 to 25 Gy to vital normal organs. This treatment was followed 10 days later by administration of high-dose etoposide (30-60 mg/kg), cyclophosphamide (60-100 mg/kg), and infusion of cryopreserved autologous stem cells. The 16 patients in this study had received a median of 3 prior treatments, and 7 had chemotherapy-resistant disease. The median dose of (131)I was 510 mCi (18.87 GBq). There were no therapy-related deaths. Among the 11 patients with conventionally measurable disease at the time of treatment, the respective complete and overall response rates were 91% and 100%. Fifteen patients remain alive, and 12 have had no progression of lymphoma at 6 to 57 monthsfrom transplantation and 16 to 97 months from diagnosis. Overall survival at 3 years from transplantation is estimated at 93%, and progression-free survival is estimated at 61%. High-dose treatment with (131)I-Tositumomab, etoposide, and cyclophosphamide results in a high remission rate and may provide long-term disease-free survival for patients with relapsed or refractory mantle cell lymphoma.
Clinical Research Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. agopal@u.washington.edu