Medline ® Abstract for Reference 68
of 'Treatment of relapsed or refractory mantle cell lymphoma'
Efficacy of high-dose therapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for mantle cell lymphoma.
Laudi N, Arora M, Burns L, McGlave P, Miller J, Bohac G, Rogers T, Barker J, Coad J, Weisdorf D
Am J Hematol. 2006;81(7):519.
Conventional treatment of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) yields modest responses and short remissions. We report 30 hematopoietic stem cell transplants (HSCT) for MCL: 13 autologous, 10 allogeneic myeloablative, and 7 nonablative. After a median 1.2 years from diagnosis (range 0.5 to 4.7) and a median of 2 pre-HSCT chemotherapeutic regimens (range 1 to 5), their median age at HSCT was 52 years (range 37 to 67). Eleven patients (41%) were in first remission, 11 (41%) were in second remission, and 7 (25%) had resistant disease. Four died early. Nineteen achieved CR (83%) and 4 PR (17%). With median 2.7 years of follow-up, 5-year overall survival (OS) was 42% (95% CI 11-73%) after autologous versus allogeneic at 49% (95% CI 22-76%). Five-year progression-free survival (PFS) was 31% (95% CI 3-59%) and 50% (95% CI 24-76%) for autologous and allogeneic HSCT, respectively. Fourteen died: 3 from sepsis, 1 acute GVHD, 10 MCL. No autologous transplant-related deaths occurred. Allogeneic transplant-related mortality was 29% (95% CI 6-52%) at 1 and 5 years. HSCT for MCL can yield extended disease control and long-term survival.
Blood and Marrow Transplant Program, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA.