Medline ® Abstract for Reference 45
of 'Treatment of relapsed or refractory mantle cell lymphoma'
High anti-lymphoma activity of bendamustine/mitoxantrone/rituximab in rituximab pretreated relapsed or refractory indolent lymphomas and mantle cell lymphomas. A multicenter phase II study of the German Low Grade Lymphoma Study Group (GLSG).
Weide R, Hess G, Köppler H, Heymanns J, Thomalla J, Aldaoud A, Losem C, Schmitz S, Haak U, Huber C, Unterhalt M, Hiddemann W, Dreyling M, German Low Grade Lymphoma Study Group
Leuk Lymphoma. 2007;48(7):1299.
On the basis of a preceding phase I study, the current trial explored bendamustine in combination with mitoxantrone and rituximab (BMR) in patients with stage III/IV relapsed or refractory indolent lymphomas and mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) with or without prior rituximab containing chemo-immunotherapy (R-chemo) treatment. Therapy consisted of bendamustine 90 mg/m(2) days 1 + 2, mitoxantrone 10 mg/m(2) day 1, rituximab 375 mg/m(2) day 8. Treatment was repeated on day 29 for a total of four cycles. Between 3 April and 04 July, 57 patients were recruited from 24 participating institutions, 39% of whom had received prior R-chemo therapy. Median age was 66 years (40 - 83). Lymphoma subtypes were 29 follicular (FL), 18 MCL, and 10 other indolent lymphomas. The overall response rate (ORR) was 89% with 35% CR and 54% PR. ORR in R-chemo pretreated patients was 76% (38% CR, 38% PR). After a median observation time of 27 months (1 - 43), the estimated median progression free survival is 19 months. The 2 year overall survival is 60% for patients with FL and MCL. Treatment related toxicities of grade 3/4 comprised a reversible myelosuppression (10% anemia, 78% leukocytopenia, 46% granulocytopenia, 16% thrombocytopenia). However, unexpected hospitalisations were necessary after 4% of BMR-application only. BMR is a very effective new outpatient immuno-chemotherapy with low toxicity for patients with relapsed/refractory FL, MCL and other indolent lymphomas.
Praxisklinik for Hematology and Oncology, Koblenz, Germany.