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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 91

of 'Treatment of relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia'

Splenic irradiation in chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
Chisesi T, Capnist G, Dal Fior S
Eur J Haematol. 1991;46(4):202.
52 patients with CLL, presenting primarily with splenomegaly, stage II-IV according to the Rai stage system, were treated with a regime of low-dose splenic irradiation (SI) between January, 1979 and December 1987. The treatment modality consisted of 1 Gy, from 1 to 10 doses, given at weekly intervals. The median given dose was 700 cGy (100-1000). CHR occurred in 23/52 (44%), PR in 20/52 (38%) and no response (NR) in 9/52 (17%) of the patients. The median duration of remission was 9 months (range 3-24), 15 and 7 months for patients achieving CHR and PR, respectively. At relapse, 14 patients received a second course of SI by the same modalities: 2 of them obtained a second CHR, 9 a PR and 3 NR. The median duration of remission was 4 months. In conclusion, SI represents a suitable therapy for CLL patients presenting primarily with splenomegaly. The low rate of response and the short remission duration after the second treatment suggest that SI should be combined either with splenectomy or with other therapeutic approaches.
Department of Hematology, S. Bortolo Hospital, Vicenza, Italy.