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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 80

of 'Treatment of relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia'

Role of splenectomy in chronic lymphocytic leukaemia with massive splenomegaly and cytopenia.
Majumdar G, Singh AK
Leuk Lymphoma. 1992;7(1-2):131.
Fourteen cases of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) and massive splenomegaly associated with anaemia and/or thrombocytopenia (stage C) with or without mechanical distress underwent splenectomy. Eleven regressed to stage A and 2 to stage B. All 6 patients with mechanical distress were relieved of their symptoms. Among 13 patients with anaemia, haemoglobin (Hb) level was normalised in 3, improved in 8 and showed no change in 2 cases. Among 13 patients with thrombocytopenia, platelet count was normalised in 10, improved in 1 and was unchanged in 2 cases. Mean Hb level increased from 89 g/l to 125 g/l and mean platelet count from 77 x 10(9)/l to 241 x 10(9)/l (p<0.001 for both). Duration of response lasted for a mean period of 42.1 (CI 20.8-63.5) months. Mean survival after splenectomy was 44.5 months (CI 21.2-67.7). There was no operative mortality but 4 patients had significant post-operative morbidity. It is concluded that splenectomy is beneficial in advanced cases of CLL with massive splenomegaly and cytopenia.
Division of Haematology, UMDS, St. Thomas' Campus, London, England.