Medline ® Abstract for Reference 77
of 'Treatment of relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia'
Second allogeneic bone marrow transplantation in acute leukemia: a multicenter study from the Gruppo Italiano Trapianto Di Midollo Osseo (GITMO).
Bosi A, Bacci S, Miniero R, Locatelli F, Laszlo D, Longo G, Busca A, Van Lint MT, Di Bartolomeo P, Amici A
Thirty-eight second allogeneic bone marrow transplants (BMT) for acute leukemia relapsed after first BMT were performed in 13 Italian centers between 1987 and 1994. Twenty-one patients had acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), 17 acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL); at second BMT 24 patients were in complete remission (CR) and 14 in relapse. The median time to relapse after first BMT was 10 months (range 1-70). Grade II or greater acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after second transplant occurred in 34.2% of patients and a chronic GVHD in 31.5% of patients. Twenty-four patients died: seven from early transplant-related mortality (TRM), 13 from relapse and four from late toxicity. As of 31 July 1996, at a median follow-up of 47 months (range 22-85), there are 14 survivors. The three-year probability of TRM, relapse and event-free survival (EFS) is 28%, 40% and 42% respectively. In 20 of 27 evaluable patients, remission duration after second BMT was longer than after the first BMT. A diagnosis of AML was correlated with a better outcome. These data support the usefulness of second allograft in selected patients with AML relapsing after a first BMT.
Department of Hematology, Azienda Ospedaliera Careggi, Firenze, Italy.