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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 53

of 'Treatment of relapsed or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia in adults'

Treatment of adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia with allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. Multivariate analysis of factors affecting acute graft-versus-host disease, relapse, and relapse-free survival.
Doney K, Fisher LD, Appelbaum FR, Buckner CD, Storb R, Singer J, Fefer A, Anasetti C, Beatty P, Bensinger W
Bone Marrow Transplant. 1991;7(6):453.
Between February 1972 and December 1987, 192 adults (greater than or equal to 18 years old) with acute lymphoblastic leukemia were transplanted using genotypically HLA-identical marrow donors. Median patient age was 23 years. Eighty-nine patients were in marrow remission and 103 were in relapse. Conditioning regimens included chemotherapy alone (three patients) or in combination with 9.2-17.5 Gy total body irradiation (189 patients). Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis consisted of methotrexate and/or cyclosporine. Seventy-nine patients developed grades II-IV acute GVHD and 28 of 122 patients who survived at least 100 days developed chronic GVHD. Relapse-free survival at 5 years was 21% for patients transplanted in first remission, 15% for those in greater than or equal to 2nd remission, and 12% for those transplanted in relapse. Patient and donor characteristics were evaluated in multivariate analyses for their effect on development of acute GVHD, survival, relapse, and relapse-free survival. An increased risk of developing acute GVHD was associated with increasing donor age. Variables significantly associated with both increased survival and relapse-free survival included transplantation in first remission, younger patient age, and not developing interstitial pneumonia. A decreased probability of relapse was associated with transplantation in first remission, male patient sex, and grades II-IV acute GVHD.
Division of Clinical Research, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98104.