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Treatment of community-acquired pneumonia in adults in the outpatient setting

Author
Thomas M File, Jr, MD
Section Editor
John G Bartlett, MD
Deputy Editor
Anna R Thorner, MD

INTRODUCTION

Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is defined as an acute infection of the pulmonary parenchyma in a patient who has acquired the infection in the community, as distinguished from hospital-acquired (nosocomial) pneumonia (HAP).

CAP is a common and potentially serious illness [1-4]. It is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality, particularly in older adult patients and those with significant comorbidities. (See "Prognosis of community-acquired pneumonia in adults".)

The treatment of CAP in adults in the outpatient setting will be reviewed here. A variety of other important issues related to CAP are discussed separately. These include:

The diagnostic approach to patients with CAP. (See "Diagnostic approach to community-acquired pneumonia in adults".)

How one makes the decision to admit patients with CAP to the hospital. (See "Community-acquired pneumonia in adults: Risk stratification and the decision to admit".)

                        

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Literature review current through: Nov 2016. | This topic last updated: Thu Nov 03 00:00:00 GMT+00:00 2016.
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