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Treatment and prevention of osteomyelitis following trauma in adults

Author
Steven K Schmitt, MD, FIDSA
Section Editor
Daniel J Sexton, MD
Deputy Editor
Elinor L Baron, MD, DTMH

INTRODUCTION

Posttraumatic osteomyelitis refers to osteomyelitis that develops as a result of contaminated open fractures or surgical treatment of closed fractures. Posttraumatic osteomyelitis can occur in up to 25 percent of open fractures; the risk depends upon the following factors [1-6]:

Severity of fracture

Severity of soft tissue injury

Degree of bacterial contamination

Presence of underlying vascular insufficiency (eg, peripheral vascular disease or diabetes)

        

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Literature review current through: Nov 2016. | This topic last updated: Thu Oct 29 00:00:00 GMT+00:00 2015.
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