Medline ® Abstract for Reference 84
of 'Treatment and outcome of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy'
The effect of Acid-reducing pharmacotherapy on the severity of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy.
Gill SK, Maltepe C, Mastali K, Koren G
Obstet Gynecol Int. 2009;2009:585269.
Background. Heartburn and acid reflux (HB/RF) are associated with increased severity of nausea and vomiting. The ability of acid-reducing drugs to reduce symptoms of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy has not been previously tested. Objective. To determine whether acid-reducing pharmacotherapy decreases the severity of NVP symptoms. Methods. We studied a cohort of women experiencing NVP, who were also experiencing HB/RF. Women were counseled to commence acid-reducing pharmacotherapy. The effectiveness of the acid-reducing medication in decreasing symptoms of both HB/RF and NVP was measured. Results. Acid-reducing drugs resulted in significant decreases in PUQE (9.6 +/- 3.0 to 6.5 +/- 2.5, P<.0001) and well-being scores from the initial (4.0 +/- 2.0) to the follow-up interview (6.8 +/- 1.6, P<.0001). After intervention with acid-reducing pharmacotherapy, a reduction in acid symptoms correlated significantly with reduction in NVP (R(2) = 0.72, P<.001). Conclusion. This is the first study to demonstrate that management of HB/RF can reduce the severity of NVP.
The Motherisk Program, The Hospital for Sick Children, 555 University Avenue, Toronto, ON, Canada M5G 1X8.