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Medline ® Abstracts for References 164-166

of 'Treatment and outcome of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy'

164
TI
Pregnancy nausea related to women's obstetric and personal histories.
AU
Gadsby R, Barnie-Adshead AM, Jagger C
SO
Gynecol Obstet Invest. 1997;43(2):108.
 
We report the correlation between total hours of nausea in early pregnancy, as a continuous variable, and various factors in women's obstetric and personal histories. Positive correlations for increased nausea were found with heavier placentae (p = 0.005), non-smoking status (p = 0.004), women with nausea in previous pregnancies (p = 0.005), and women whose mothers experienced trouble with nausea in their pregnancies (p = 0.001). 17 other factors did not relate to pregnancy nausea at the p<0.01 level.
AD
General Practice Department, Warwick University, Coventry, UK.
PMID
165
TI
The effect of periconceptional multivitamin-mineral supplementation on vertigo, nausea and vomiting in the first trimester of pregnancy.
AU
Czeizel AE, Dudas I, Fritz G, Técsöi A, Hanck A, Kunovits G
SO
Arch Gynecol Obstet. 1992;251(4):181.
 
AD
WHO Collaborating Centre for the Community Control of Hereditary Diseases, Budapest, Hungary.
PMID
166
TI
Relationship between vitamin use, smoking, and nausea and vomiting of pregnancy.
AU
Källén B, Lundberg G, Aberg A
SO
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2003;82(10):916.
 
BACKGROUND: Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) is a common complaint but risk factors for NVP are not well characterized.
METHODS: Occurrence of NVP was studied by questionnaires given to pregnant women at their first visit to the antenatal care unit and were returned around gestational week 28.
RESULTS: Analysis of 3675 completed questionnaires was made. Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy was reported by 79% of the women, approximately half of which had been vomiting. Various therapies (drugs, acupuncture, acupressure) were tried by 18% of the women with NVP, of which the majority used drugs, most notably antihistamines (specifically meclozine). Hospitalization occurred in 1% of all women. Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy caused 28% of all sick-leaves during the first 28 weeks of pregnancy. Low maternal age and parity 1+ independently increased the risk for NVP. Smoking before pregnancy and using vitamins in early pregnancy were associated with a decreased risk for NVP. Women working outside the home had a lower rate of NVP than housewives and women out of work.
CONCLUSIONS: Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy is a common complaint with a significant impact on leave of absence from work. The study identifies a number of factors that are related to the occurrence of NVP and that may give hints on the etiology of the condition.
AD
Tornblad Institute, University of Lund, Lund, Sweden. embryol@embryol.lu.se
PMID