Medline ® Abstract for Reference 8
of 'Toxicity of molecularly targeted antiangiogenic agents: Non-cardiovascular effects'
Inhibition of tyrosine kinases by sunitinib associated with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis lesion in addition to thrombotic microangiopathy.
Costero O, Picazo ML, Zamora P, Romero S, Martinez-Ara J, Selgas R
Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2010;25(3):1001. Epub 2009 Dec 16.
Sunitinib is an orally administered inhibitor of tyrosine kinases and has become the standard of care for many patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Its use has been associated with renal toxicity in some patients. We report a patient with a metastatic clear-cell renal carcinoma who showed arterial hypertension, nephrotic syndrome and azotaemia 10 months after treatment with sunitinib. The renal biopsy revealed focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) in addition to thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA), and the complete syndrome disappeared 6 months after sunitinib withdrawal. To our knowledge, this is the first case of FSGS associated to TMA secondary to sunitinib treatment. We discuss the possible glomerular pathomechanism.
Department of Nephrology, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain. firstname.lastname@example.org