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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 177

of 'Toxicity of molecularly targeted antiangiogenic agents: Non-cardiovascular effects'

Tyrosine kinase inhibitors directed against the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) have distinct cutaneous toxicity profiles: a meta-analysis and review of the literature.
Massey PR, Okman JS, Wilkerson J, Cowen EW
Support Care Cancer. 2015 Jun;23(6):1827-35. Epub 2014 Dec 5.
PURPOSE: Inhibition of the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) is associated with cutaneous adverse effects that increase patient morbidity. Our objective was to examine the skin toxicity profile of anti-VEGFR TKIs and determine the changing incidence in clinical trials.
METHODS: PubMed was queried for phase II or III trials of anti-VEGFR TKIs between 2000 and 2013 involving≥50 patients. Adverse events were abstracted, with results presented in both fixed and random effects models. Odds ratios (OR) and 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated for studies with at least two arms.
RESULTS: Across 82 included studies, all grades rash (OR, 2.68; 95 % CI, 2.45-2.94), hand-foot skin reaction (HFSR) (OR, 2.70; 95 % CI, 2.43-3.00), and pruritus (OR, 1.25; 95 % CI, 1.12-1.39) were associated with anti-VEGFR TKIs. Vandetanib had the highest incidence of rash (41 %), while sorafenib was most commonlyassociated with HFSR (37 %) and pruritus (14 %). The incidence of HFSR from 2000 to 2013 showed an upward trend (r (2) = 0.042, p = 0.10) and in sunitinib therapy increased significantly (r (2) = 0.237, p = 0.04).
CONCLUSION: The incidence of HFSR, rash, and pruritus varies considerably by drug. Our data suggest a continued need to address skin toxicities and improve reporting strategies.
Dell Medical School, The University of Texas at Austin, 601 E. 15th Street, CEC 2.470, Austin, TX, 78701, USA, Prmassey@seton.org.