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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 14

of 'Toxicity of molecularly targeted antiangiogenic agents: Non-cardiovascular effects'

Risks of proteinuria associated with vascular endothelial growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors in cancer patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Zhang ZF, Wang T, Liu LH, Guo HQ
PLoS One. 2014;9(3):e90135. Epub 2014 Mar 12.
BACKGROUND: Vascular endothelial growth factor tyrosine-kinase inhibitors (VEGFR-TKIs) have emerged as an effective targeted therapy in the treatment of cancer patients, the overall incidence and risk of proteinuria associated these drugs is unclear. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of published clinical trials to quantify the incidence and risk of proteinuria associated with VEGFR-TKIs.
METHODOLOGY: Databases from PubMed, Web of Science and abstracts presented at ASCO meeting up to May 31, 2013 were searched to identify relevant studies. Eligible studies included prospective phase II and III trials evaluating VEGFR-TKIs in cancer patients with adequate data on proteinuria. Statistical analyses were conducted to calculate the summary incidence, Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) by using either random effects or fixed effect models according to the heterogeneity of included studies.
PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A total of 6,882 patients with a variety of solid tumors from 33 clinical trials were included in our analysis. The incidence of all-grade and high-grade (grade 3 or higher) proteinuria was 18.7% (95% CI, 13.3%-25.6%) and 2.4% (95% CI, 1.6%-3.7%), respectively. Patients treated with VEGFR-TKIs had a significantly increased risk of all-grade (OR 2.92, 95%CI: 1.09-7.82, p = 0.033) and high-grade proteinuria (OR 1.97, 95%CI: 1.01-3.84, p = 0.046) when compared to patients treated with control medication. No evidence of publication bias was observed.
CONCLUSIONS: The use of VEGFR-TKIs is associated with a significant increased risk of developing proteinuria. Physicians should be aware of this adverse effect and should monitor cancer patients receiving VEGFR-TKIs.
Department of Thoracic Surgery, Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, People's Republic of China.