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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 101

of 'Toxicity of molecularly targeted antiangiogenic agents: Non-cardiovascular effects'

Risk factors for GI adverse events in a phase III randomized trial of bevacizumab in first-line therapy of advanced ovarian cancer: A Gynecologic Oncology Group Study.
Burger RA, Brady MF, Bookman MA, Monk BJ, Walker JL, Homesley HD, Fowler J, Greer BE, Boente M, Fleming GF, Lim PC, Rubin SC, Katsumata N, Liang SX
J Clin Oncol. 2014;32(12):1210. Epub 2014 Mar 17.
PURPOSE: To evaluate risk factors for GI adverse events (AEs) within a phase III trial of bevacizumab in first-line ovarian cancer therapy.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Women with previously untreated advanced disease after surgery were randomly allocated to six cycles of platinum-taxane chemotherapy plus placebo cycles (C)2 to C22 (R1); chemotherapy plus bevacizumab C2 to C6 plus placebo C7 to C22 (R2); or chemotherapy plus bevacizumab C2 to C22 (R3). Patients were evaluated for history or on-study development of potential risk factors for GI AEs defined as grade≥2 perforation, fistula, necrosis, or hemorrhage.
RESULTS: Of 1,873 patients enrolled, 1,759 (94%) were evaluable, and 2.8% (50 of 1,759) experienced a GI AE: 10 of 587 (1.7%, R1), 20 of 587 (3.4%, R2), and 20 of 585 (3.4%, R3). Univariable analyses indicated that previous treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD; P = .005) and small bowel resection (SBR; P = .032) or large bowel resection (LBR; P = .012) at primary surgery were significantly associated with a GI AE. The multivariable estimated relative odds of a GI AE were 13.4 (95% CI, 3.44 to 52.3; P<.001) for IBD; 2.05 (95% CI, 1.09 to 3.88; P = .026) for LBR; 1.95 (95% CI, 0.894 to 4.25; P = .093) for SBR; and 2.15 for bevacizumab exposure (aggregated 95% CI, 1.05 to 4.40; P = .036).
CONCLUSION: History of treatment for IBD, and bowel resection at primary surgery, increase the odds of GI AEs in patients receiving first-line platinum-taxane chemotherapy for advanced ovarian cancer. After accounting for these risk factors, concurrent bevacizumab doubles the odds of a GI AE, but is not appreciably increased by continuation beyond chemotherapy.
Robert A. Burger, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA; Mark F. Brady, GOG Statistical and Data Center, Buffalo, NY; Michael A. Bookman, Arizona Cancer Center, Tucson, AZ; Bradley J. Monk, University of California at Irvine, Orange, CA; Joan L. Walker, University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma City, OK; Howard D. Homesley, Wake Forest University Medical Center, Winston-Salem, NC; Jeffrey Fowler, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH; Benjamin E. Greer, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, WA; Matthew Boente, Minnesota Oncology Hematology, Minneapolis, MN; Gini F. Fleming, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL; Peter C. Lim, Center of Hope at Renown Regional Medical Center, Reno, NV; Stephen C. Rubin, University of Pennsylvania Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA; Noriyuki Katsumata, Saitama Medical University/International Medical Center-GOG Japan, Saitama, Japan; and Sharon X. Liang, North Shore University Hospital, Manhasset, NY.