Medline ® Abstract for Reference 22
of 'Thyroid disorders and connective tissue disease'
Linkage at 5q14.3-15 in multiplex systemic lupus erythematosus pedigrees stratified by autoimmune thyroid disease.
Namjou B, Kelly JA, Kilpatrick J, Kaufman KM, Nath SK, Scofield RH, Harley JB
Arthritis Rheum. 2005;52(11):3646.
OBJECTIVE: To identify genetic effects potentially shared between systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and autoimmune thyroiditis (AITD).
METHODS: Families from the Lupus Multiplex Registry and Repository were studied in which there was at least 1 member who had both SLE and AITD (Graves' disease or Hashimoto thyroiditis). Genome scan genotyping findings in these pedigrees were evaluated for evidence of genetic linkage, by the maximum-likelihood parametric method. Nineteen pedigrees were used in the initial genome scan. Subsequently, an independent sample of 16 pedigrees was used to replicate findings.
RESULTS: Studies of the first set of 19 pedigrees yielded a 2-point parametric logarithm of odds (LOD) of 4.97, which was independently confirmed in the replication sample of 16 pedigrees (LOD 2.89). For all 35 pedigrees together, the 2-point LOD was 7.86, under a dominant model used for screening with 90% penetrance and a disease allele frequency of 10%. The multipoint locus homogeneity LOD in the 35 pedigrees was 6.90 (alpha = 1.0) at 5q14.3-15 between D5S1725 and D5S1453, a 12-cM interval, with the peak at D5S1462 at 96.64 cM (nonparametric linkage P = 0.00002). Fine mapping further confirmed the genetic linkage effect and narrowed the region likely to contain the gene to approximately 5 Mb.
CONCLUSION: These results suggest that stratifying SLE pedigrees by the presence of other autoimmune disorders may facilitate the discovery of genes related to SLE and that 5q14.3-15 harbors a susceptibility gene shared by SLE and AITD.
Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation, 825 NE 13th Street, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA.