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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 45

of 'Therapeutic endoscopic ultrasound'

EUS-cholangio-drainage of the bile duct: report of 4 cases.
Burmester E, Niehaus J, Leineweber T, Huetteroth T
Gastrointest Endosc. 2003;57(2):246.
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography with stent insertion is an established procedure for palliation of patients with malignant pancreaticobiliary strictures. In some patients, however, placement of a stent by means of a duodenoscope is not possible. Percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage is an alternative method that has a complication rate of up to 15%. Four cases of successful EUS-guided-cholangio-drainage are presented in which the major papilla could not be cannulated at endoscopic retrograde cholangiography.
METHODS: For puncture of the intrahepatic or extrahepatic bile duct, a modification of the one-step technique for the drainage of pancreatic pseudocysts was used.
RESULTS: Stent insertion was successful in 3 of the 4 patients. In these 3 patients cholestasis resolved promptly.
CONCLUSIONS: EUS-guided cholangio-drainage is a potential alternative to percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage and endoscopic retrograde cholangiography in the therapy of malignant pancreaticobiliary strictures, especially inpatients who have undergone gastrectomy or partial gastrectomy with Billroth II reconstruction.
Krankenhaus Sued, Abteilung für Gastroenterologie, Innere Medizin, Luebeck, Germany.