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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 61

of 'The use of inhaler devices in children'

Randomized controlled trial of salbutamol aerosol therapy via metered dose inhaler-spacer vs. jet nebulizer in young children with wheezing.
Deerojanawong J, Manuyakorn W, Prapphal N, Harnruthakorn C, Sritippayawan S, Samransamruajkit R
Pediatr Pulmonol. 2005;39(5):466.
The jet nebulizer is a common device used for administering aerosol medication in young children. However, compared to a metered dose inhaler-spacer (MDI-spacer), it takes more time and personnel. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of salbutamol aerosol therapy given via these two devices in young wheezing children. A prospective randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was performed in children up to 5 years old who had acute wheezing and were admitted to the Department of Pediatrics, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital. Patients were randomly divided into two groups. The first group received 2 puffs of placebo via MDI-spacer, followed by 0.15 mg/kg salbutamol respiratory solution via jet nebulizer. The second group received 2 puffs (100 microg/puff) of salbutamol via MDI-spacer, followed by placebo via jet nebulizer. Clinical scores and tidal breathing pulmonary function test were evaluated before and after treatment. Pulmonary function parameters included those derived from flow volume loops (volume to peak tidal expiratory flow over total expiratory volume, V(PTEF)/V(E); time to peak tidal expiratory flow over total expiratory time, T(PTEF)/T(E); and ratio of tidal expiratory flow at 25% remaining expiration to peakexpiratory flow, 25/PF), compliance (Crs), and resistance (Rrs) of the respiratory system. The efficacy of both methods was compared by using analysis of covariance. Forty-seven wheezing children were studied (24 received salbutamol via MDI-spacer, and 23 received it via jet nebulizer). There was no statistical difference between the two groups regarding clinical scores and all pulmonary function parameters. However, heart rate was significantly increased after treatment in the jet nebulizer group when compared to those in the MDI-spacer group (P = 0.004). In conclusion, the efficacy of salbutamol aerosol therapy via MDI-spacer compared to jet nebulizer in young wheezing children was not different in terms of clinical score and postbronchodilator pulmonary function parameters. However, salbutamol aerosol therapy via jet nebulizer significantly increased the heart rate when compared to the MDI-spacer.
Division of Pediatric Pulmonology and Critical Care, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand. jitladda@hotmail.com