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The treatment approach to non-clear cell renal carcinoma

Toni K Choueiri, MD
Sumanta K Pal, MD
Section Editor
Michael B Atkins, MD
Deputy Editor
Michael E Ross, MD


Although many advances have been made in the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC), the majority of studies to date have been limited to patients with a component of clear cell disease [1]. Due to the infrequency of non-clear cell RCC, there is a paucity of high-quality data to help inform the management of these tumors.

This topic will discuss the management of non-clear cell RCC. The epidemiology, pathology, and pathogenesis of these tumors are discussed separately, as is the treatment of clear cell RCC. (See "Epidemiology, pathology, and pathogenesis of renal cell carcinoma" and "Overview of the treatment of renal cell carcinoma".)


Non-clear cell renal cell carcinomas (RCCs) are characterized by morphology, growth pattern, cell of origin, and where it is known, by the histochemical and biologic bases that underlie the different types of tumors. The main subtypes of non-clear cell RCC include (see "Epidemiology, pathology, and pathogenesis of renal cell carcinoma", section on 'Pathology'):




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Literature review current through: Sep 2016. | This topic last updated: May 3, 2016.
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