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The adolescent with HIV infection

Susan L Gillespie, MD, PhD
Section Editors
Mary E Paul, MD
Diane Blake, MD
Deputy Editor
Carrie Armsby, MD, MPH


Exposure to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can be a consequence of many of the risk-taking behaviors that occur among adolescents. Efforts to improve adolescent health through access to diagnosis, treatment, and prevention education must take into account the developmental level of the patient, as well as social and psychological variables.

Issues surrounding HIV infections vary widely between adolescents in developing countries and those in the developed world. This topic will principally review, within the developed world, the epidemiology of and risk factors for HIV infection among adolescents, strategies to provide services to adolescents, and age-specific recommendations for initiating treatment. Other aspects of pediatric and adolescent HIV infection are discussed separately:

(See "Epidemiology of pediatric HIV infection".)

(See "Pediatric HIV infection: Classification, clinical manifestations, and outcome".)

(See "The natural history and clinical features of HIV infection in adults and adolescents".)

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Literature review current through: Nov 2017. | This topic last updated: May 22, 2017.
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