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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 7

of 'Taxane-induced pulmonary toxicity'

Phase II trial of weekly paclitaxel in previously untreated advanced non-small-cell lung cancer.
Yasuda K, Igishi T, Kawasaki Y, Yamamoto M, Kato K, Matsumoto S, Kotani M, Sako T, Shigeoka Y, Sugitani A, Histuda Y, Shimizu E
Oncology. 2003;65(3):224.
OBJECTIVE: New effective therapy is desirable for outpatients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Fractionated administration of paclitaxel may be less toxic and more active against NSCLC. The aim of this study was to evaluate the activity and toxicity of weekly paclitaxel therapy for chemotherapy-naive NSCLC.
METHODS: Patients with pathological or cytological diagnosis of NSCLC, measurable lesions, and no prior therapy were enrolled. We administered weekly infusions of 80 mg/m(2) paclitaxel 3 times in a 4-week cycle. In the absence of progressive disease or intolerable toxicity, we treated each patient for a minimum of four cycles.
RESULTS: Of 35 patients enrolled, 17 patients achieved partial response, although no complete responses were observed (response rate 49%; 95% confidence interval 32-66%). The median survival time was 55 weeks (range 6-93 weeks). Grade 3 or 4 leukopenia occurred in only 1 patient (3%). Neurotoxicity was the most frequent adverse effect (grades 1 and 2, 26 and 3%, respectively). Serious toxicity, observed in 2 patients (6%), was interstitial pneumonia, and 1 patient died from sequela.
CONCLUSION: Low-dose weekly paclitaxel is a promising therapy for advanced NSCLC with high effectiveness and low toxicity.
Third Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University, Yonago, Japan.