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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 40

of 'Taxane-induced pulmonary toxicity'

Phase II trial of weekly paclitaxel and gemcitabine for previously untreated, stage IIIB-IV nonsmall cell lung cancer.
Akerley W, Safran H, Zaner K, Ready N, Mega T, Kennedy T
Cancer. 2006;107(5):1050.
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerance of the noncisplatin-based combination of paclitaxel and gemcitabine administered weekly for patients with untreated metastatic nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
METHODS: Patients with Stage IIIB/IV or recurrent NSCLC, a performance status of 0-2, and no prior chemotherapy exposure were eligible. Patients received gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 and paclitaxel 85 mg/m2 on Days 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36 of an 8-week cycle until progression.
RESULTS: Thirty-nine eligible patients were enrolled. The median age was 66 years and 14 patients were>or =70 years old. Performance status was 2 in 13 (33%) and 29 patients (75%) had Stage IV. Five patients (12.8%) developed interstitial pneumonitis and 2 of these were responsive to steroid therapy. The overall response rate was 23.1%, with no complete responses. The median survival was 32 weeks and the 1-year survival was 32%.
CONCLUSIONS: This regimen of weekly paclitaxel and gemcitabine has modest activity in advanced NSCLC.
Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84115, USA. akerley@HCI.utah.edu