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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 26

of 'Taxane-induced pulmonary toxicity'

26
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Paclitaxel-containing high-dose chemotherapy for relapsed or refractory testicular germ cell tumours.
AU
McNeish IA, Kanfer EJ, Haynes R, Giles C, Harland SJ, Driver D, Rustin GJ, Newlands ES, Seckl MJ
SO
Br J Cancer. 2004;90(6):1169.
 
High-dose regimes containing etoposide, carboplatin and an oxazaphospharine can salvage 30-40% of patients with relapsed or refractory male germ cell tumours (GCTs). The additional benefit of paclitaxel in such high-dose therapy has not been tested. Between March 1995 and November 2002, 36 male GCT patients were treated with Carbop-EC-T (paclitaxel 75 mg x m(-2), etoposide 450 mg x m(-2), carboplatin AUC 10 on days -7, -5 and -3 and cyclophosphamide 60 mg x kg(-1) on days -5 and -3) followed by peripheral blood stem cell infusion (day 0). The 1-year overall survival rate for all patients is 67% (median follow-up 29 months). For the 24 patients with cisplatin-sensitive disease, the 1-year overall and event-free survivals are 88 and 64%, respectively. For those with cisplatin refractory or absolutely refractory disease, the 1-year overall survival is 25%. In all, 12 patients relapsed at a median duration of 5 months, 11 of whom have died. There were also six treatment-related deaths, five associated with pneumonitis. Pulmonary toxicity has been reported with paclitaxel in other high-dose regimes. Since altering our protocol so that paclitaxel is infused over 24 h with steroid prophylaxis, only one of 18 patients (13 testicular GCTs and five other tumour types) has had a treatment-related death. Our results suggest that Carbop-EC-T may enable a greater proportion of patients with relapsed and refractory GCTs to enter long-term remission.
AD
Department of Medical Oncology, Imperial College School of Medicine, Charing Cross Hospital, Fulham Palace Road, London W6 8RF, UK.
PMID