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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 25

of 'Taxane-induced pulmonary toxicity'

High-dose paclitaxel, cyclophosphamide, and cisplatin with autologous hematopoietic progenitor-cell support: a phase I trial.
Stemmer SM, Cagnoni PJ, Shpall EJ, Bearman SI, Matthes S, Dufton C, Day T, Taffs S, Hami L, Martinez C, Purdy MH, Arron J, Jones RB
J Clin Oncol. 1996;14(5):1463.
PURPOSE: To determine the maximal-tolerated dose (MTD) of paclitaxel in combination with high-dose cyclophosphamide (CPA) and cisplatin (cDDP) followed by autologous hematopoietic progenitor-cell support (AHPCS).
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-nine patients with poor-prognosis breast cancer, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), or ovarian cancer were treated with escalating doses of paclitaxel infused over 24 hours, followed by CPA (5,625 mg/m2 intravenously over 1 hour in three divided doses) and cDDP (165 mg/m2 intravenously as a continuous infusion over 72 hours) and AHPCS. Pharmacokinetic measurements for each drug were performed.
RESULTS: Dose-limiting toxicities were encountered in two patients at 825 mg/m2 of paclitaxel; one patient died of multiorgan failure that involved the lung, CNS, and kidneys, and the other developed grade 3 respiratory, CNS, and renal toxicity, which resolved. The MTD of this combination was determined to be paclitaxel 775 mg/m2, CPA 5,625 mg/m2, and cDDP 165 mg/m2 followed by AHPCS. Sensory polyneuropathy and mucositis were prominent toxicities, but both were reversible and tolerable. The pharmacokinetics of paclitaxel correlated significantly with the severity of mucositis (P<.001) and peripheral neuropathy (P<.00004). Eighteen of 33 patients (54%) with measurable, heavily pretreated metastatic breast cancer achieved a partial response (PR). Responses were also observed in patients with NHL (four of five patients) and ovarian cancer (two of two).
CONCLUSION: It is possible to escalate the dose of paclitaxel to 775 mg/m2 in combination with 5,625 mg/m2 of CPA, 165 mg/m2 of cDDP, and AHPCS. An encouraging response rate in poor-prognosis patients with breast cancer, NHL, and ovarian cancer warrants further study.
University of Colorado Bone Marrow Transplant Program, University of Colorado Cancer Center, Denver, USA.