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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 17

of 'Taxane-induced pulmonary toxicity'

Phase II study of weekly paclitaxel in patients with non-small cell lung cancer who have failed previous treatments.
Yasuda K, Igishi T, Kawasaki Y, Kato K, Matsumoto S, Katayama S, Sako T, Shigeoka Y, Suyama H, Sugitani A, Yamamoto M, Hitsuda Y, Shimizu E
Oncology. 2004;66(5):347.
OBJECTIVE: New effective therapy is desirable for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have failed previous treatments. Fractionated administration of paclitaxel may be less toxic and more active against NSCLC. The aim of this study was to evaluate the activity and toxicity of weekly paclitaxel therapy for NSCLC in a second-line setting.
METHODS: Patients with pathological or cytological diagnosis of NSCLC, measurable lesions, and one or more prior therapies were enrolled. We administered weekly infusions of 80 mg/m2 paclitaxel 3 times in a 4-week cycle. In the absence of progressive disease or intolerable toxicity, each patient was treated for a minimum of 4 cycles.
RESULTS: Of 39 patients enrolled, 1 patient achieved complete response and 11 patients achieved partial response (response rate, 31%: 95% confidence interval, 17-48%). The median survival time was 43 weeks (range, 7-128 weeks). Grade 3 or 4 leukopenia occurred in only 7 patients (18%). Neurotoxicity was the most frequent adverse effect (grades 1 and 2.26 and 5%, respectively). Although all patients recovered rapidly with corticosteroid treatment, drug-induced pneumonitis was observed in 3 patients (8%).
CONCLUSION: Low-dose weekly paclitaxel is a promising therapy with high effectiveness for advanced NSCLC in patients with NSCLC who have failed previous treatments.
Third Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University, Yonago, Japan.