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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 32

of 'Systemic treatment of metastatic breast cancer in women: Chemotherapy'

32
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Multicentre, phase II study evaluating capecitabine monotherapy in patients with anthracycline- and taxane-pretreated metastatic breast cancer.
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Fumoleau P, Largillier R, Clippe C, Dièras V, Orfeuvre H, Lesimple T, Culine S, Audhuy B, Serin D, CuréH, Vuillemin E, Morère JF, Montestruc F, Mouri Z, Namer M
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Eur J Cancer. 2004;40(4):536.
 
Treating patients with anthracycline- and taxane-pretreated metastatic breast cancer (MBC) represents a significant challenge to oncologists. The tumour-activated oral fluoropyrimidine, capecitabine, is the only treatment approved for these patients. Our study evaluated the efficacy, safety and impact on quality of life (QOL) of capecitabine in this setting. Patients (n=126) with anthracycline- and taxane-pretreated metastatic breast cancer received capecitabine 1250 mg/m(2) twice daily, days 1-14, followed by a 7-day rest period. Median time to progression was 4.9 months (95% Confidence Interval (CI): 4.0-6.4). Thirty-five patients (28%) achieved an objective response (95% CI: 20-36%), including five (4%) complete responses. Median overall survival was 15.2 months (95% CI: 13.5-19.6 months). Capecitabine demonstrated a favourable safety profile, with a low incidence of treatment-related grade 3/4 adverse events. The most common adverse events were hand-foot syndrome and gastrointestinal effects. QOL assessment showed that capecitabine treatment was associated with an increase in mean Global Health Score. Capecitabine is active, well tolerated and improves the QOL of patients with anthracycline- and taxane-pretreated metastatic breast cancer. Based on the consistently high activity demonstrated in clinical trials, capecitabine has become the reference treatment in this setting.
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Centre RenéGauducheau, Nantes-St Herblain, France. fumoleau@nantes.fnclcc.fr
PMID