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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 7

of 'Systemic therapy for the initial management of advanced non-small cell lung cancer without a driver mutation'

7
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Benefits of adding a drug to a single-agent or a 2-agent chemotherapy regimen in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer: a meta-analysis.
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Delbaldo C, Michiels S, Syz N, Soria JC, Le Chevalier T, Pignon JP
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JAMA. 2004;292(4):470.
 
CONTEXT: Randomized trials have demonstrated that adding a drug to a single-agent or to a 2-agent regimen increased the tumor response rate in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), although its impact on survival remains controversial.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical benefit of adding a drug to a single-agent or 2-agent chemotherapy regimen in terms of tumor response rate, survival, and toxicity in patients with advanced NSCLC.
DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SELECTION: Data from all randomized controlled trials performed between 1980 and 2001 (published between January 1980 and October 2003) comparing a doublet regimen with a single-agent regimen or comparing a triplet regimen with a doublet regimen in patients with advanced NSCLC. There were no language restrictions. Searches of MEDLINE and EMBASE were performed using the search terms non-small-cell lung carcinoma/drug therapy, adenocarcinoma, large-cell carcinoma, squamous-cell carcinoma, lung, neoplasms, clinical trial phase III, and randomized trial. Manual searches were also performed to find conference proceedings published between January 1982 and October 2003.
DATA EXTRACTION: Two independent investigators reviewed the publications and extracted the data. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) for the objective tumor response rate, 1-year survival rate, and toxicity rate were calculated using the fixed-effect model. Pooled median ratios (MRs) for median survival also were calculated using the fixed-effect model. ORs and MRs lower than unity (<1.0) indicate a benefit of a doublet regimen compared with a single-agent regimen (or a triplet regimen compared with a doublet regimen).
DATA SYNTHESIS: Sixty-five trials (13 601 patients) were eligible. In the trials comparing a doublet regimen with a single-agent regimen, a significant increase was observed in tumor response (OR, 0.42; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.37-0.47; P<.001) and 1-year survival (OR, 0.80; 95% CI, 0.70-0.91; P<.001) in favor of the doublet regimen. The median survival ratio was 0.83 (95% CI, 0.79-0.89; P<.001). An increase also was observed in the tumor response rate (OR, 0.66; 95% CI, 0.58-0.75; P<.001) in favor of the triplet regimen, but not for 1-year survival (OR, 1.01; 95% CI, 0.85-1.21; P =.88). The median survival ratio was 1.00 (95% CI, 0.94-1.06; P =.97).
CONCLUSION: Adding a second drug improved tumor response and survival rate. Adding a third drug had a weaker effect on tumor response and no effect on survival.
AD
Department of Medecine, Institut Gustave-Roussy, Villejuif Cedex, France.
PMID