Official reprint from UpToDate®
www.uptodate.com ©2017 UpToDate, Inc. and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Medline ® Abstract for Reference 27

of 'Systemic therapy for the initial management of advanced non-small cell lung cancer without a driver mutation'

Single-agent pemetrexed or sequential pemetrexed/gemcitabine as front-line treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer in elderly patients or patients ineligible for platinum-based chemotherapy: a multicenter, randomized, phase II trial.
Gridelli C, Kaukel E, Gregorc V, Migliorino MR, Müller TR, Manegold C, Favaretto A, Martoni A, Caffo O, Schmittel A, Rossi A, Russo F, Peterson P, Muñoz M, Reck M
J Thorac Oncol. 2007;2(3):221.
INTRODUCTION: This randomized phase II trial evaluated single-agent pemetrexed or sequential pemetrexed/gemcitabine in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who were elderly (>or = 70 years) or younger than 70 years and ineligible for platinum-based chemotherapy.
METHODS: Chemonaive patients with stage IIIB/IV NSCLC and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 to 2 received either 500 mg/m2 of pemetrexed (day 1, every 3 weeks) for eight cycles, or the same dosage of pemetrexed for cycles 1 and 2 and then 1200 mg/m2 of gemcitabine (days 1 and 8, every 3 weeks) for cycles 3 and 4 (repeated once for a total of eight cycles). All patients were given vitamin B12 and folic acid supplementation.
RESULTS: From July 2003 to July 2004, 87 patients (44 pemetrexed; 43 pemetrexed/gemcitabine) received treatment. The median time to progression was4.5 (95% confidence interval: 3.0-9.3) and 4.1 months (95% confidence interval: 1.7-5.8) for the pemetrexed and pemetrexed/gemcitabine arms, respectively, and the median progression-free survival time was 3.3 months for both arms. Tumor response rates for the pemetrexed and pemetrexed/gemcitabine arms were 4.5% and 11.6%, respectively. The median overall survival time was 4.7 months for the pemetrexed arm and 5.4 months for the pemetrexed/gemcitabine arm, with respective 1-year survival rates of 28.5% and 28.1%. Grade 3/4 hematologic toxicity consisted of neutropenia (4.5% pemetrexed; 2.3% pemetrexed/gemcitabine), febrile neutropenia (4.5% pemetrexed; 4.7% pemetrexed/gemcitabine), thrombocytopenia (4.5% pemetrexed; 7.0% pemetrexed/gemcitabine), and anemia (6.8% pemetrexed; 4.7% pemetrexed/gemcitabine). No grade 3/4 nonhematologic toxicities exceeded 4.7% in either arm.
CONCLUSIONS: Single-agent pemetrexed and sequential pemetrexed/gemcitabine have shown moderate activity and are well tolerated as first-line treatments for advanced NSCLC in elderly patients or patients unsuitable for platinum-based combination chemotherapy.
Division of Medical Oncology, S.G. Moscati Hospital, Avellino, Italy. cgridelli@libero.it