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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 32

of 'Systemic therapy for advanced cholangiocarcinoma'

Optimization of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)/cisplatin combination chemotherapy with a new schedule of leucovorin, 5-FU and cisplatin (LV5FU2-P regimen) in patients with biliary tract carcinoma.
Taïeb J, Mitry E, Boige V, Artru P, Ezenfis J, Lecomte T, Clavero-Fabri MC, Vaillant JN, Rougier P, Ducreux M
Ann Oncol. 2002;13(8):1192.
BACKGROUND: Unresectable biliary tract carcinoma (BTC) is associated with a very poor prognosis. To improve efficacy and tolerance of the 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)/cisplatin combination in BTC, we designed a new therapeutic schedule, the LV5FU2-P regimen.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with advanced or metastatic BTC were prospectively enrolled in the study. The treatment (LV5FU2-P regimen) consisted of a biweekly administration of a 2-h infusion of leucovorin 200 mg/m(2), a 400 mg/m(2) bolus of 5-FU followed by a 22-h continuous infusion of 600 mg/m(2) 5-FU on two consecutive days and cisplatin 50 mg/m(2) on day 2. Clinical symptoms, performance and weight changes were monitored.
RESULTS: Objective responses were observed in 10 patients (34%) (95% confidence interval 23% to 45%) including one complete response and nine partial responses (stabilization 38%, progression 28%). Median progression-free survival and overall survival were 6.5 and 9.5months, respectively. Weight gain was observed in 45% of patients and performance status improved in 60%. One patient had a grade 4 thrombocytopenia, and grade 3 toxicity occurred in 41% of patients. There were no treatment-related deaths.
CONCLUSIONS: This study, one of the largest phase II trials performed for this disease, shows that the LV5FU2-P regimen is an active and well-tolerated chemotherapy for advanced and metastatic BTC.
Département de Médecine, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France. service.hepato-gastro@psl.ap-hop-paris.fr