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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 181

of 'Systemic chemotherapy for nonoperable metastatic colorectal cancer: Treatment recommendations'

The effect of a thymidine phosphorylase inhibitor on angiogenesis and apoptosis in tumors.
Matsushita S, Nitanda T, Furukawa T, Sumizawa T, Tani A, Nishimoto K, Akiba S, Miyadera K, Fukushima M, Yamada Y, Yoshida H, Kanzaki T, Akiyama S
Cancer Res. 1999 Apr;59(8):1911-6.
Thymidine phosphorylase (TP) is an enzyme involved in the reversible conversion of thymidine to thymine and is identical to an angiogenic factor, platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor. TP is expressed at higher levels in a wide variety of solid tumors than in the adjacent nonneoplastic tissues. Patients with TP-positive colon and esophageal tumors have a poorer prognosis than those with TP-negative tumors. We have recently synthesized a new TP inhibitor (TPI), 5-chloro-6-[1-(2-iminopyrrolidinyl) methyl]uracil hydrochloride. We investigated the effect of TPI on angiogenesis in KB cells transfected with platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor cDNA, KB/TP, and a mock transfectant, KB/CV, using the mouse dorsal air sac assay model. We found that KB/TP cells had a higher angiogenic ability than KB/CV cells and that TPI completely suppressed angiogenesis by KB/TP. Furthermore, at a dose of 50 mg/kg/day, TPI considerably decreased the growth rate of KB/TP cells xenografted into nude mice. Microvessel density in KB/TP tumors was higher than that in KB/CV tumors, and TPI did not significantly change the density in either of the tumors. The apoptotic index in KB/TP tumors was significantly lower than that in KB/CV tumors, and TPI significantly increased the apoptotic index in KB/TP tumors but notin KB/CV tumors. These findings, taken together with previous reports, suggest that the expression of TP plays an important role in tumor growth and that TPI suppresses tumor growth by increasing the proportion of apoptotic cells and probably inhibiting angiogenesis.
Department of Cancer Chemotherapy, Institute for Cancer Research, Kagoshima University, Japan.