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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 101

of 'Systemic chemotherapy for nonoperable metastatic colorectal cancer: Treatment recommendations'

Randomized trial of two induction chemotherapy regimens in metastatic colorectal cancer: an updated analysis.
Masi G, Vasile E, Loupakis F, Cupini S, Fornaro L, Baldi G, Salvatore L, Cremolini C, Stasi I, Brunetti I, Fabbri MA, Puglisi M, Trenta P, Granetto C, Chiara S, Fioretto L, Allegrini G, CrinòL, Andreuccetti M, Falcone A
J Natl Cancer Inst. 2011;103(1):21. Epub 2010 Dec 1.
BACKGROUND: In a randomized trial with a median follow-up of 18.4 months, 6 months of induction chemotherapy with a three-drug regimen comprising 5-fluorouracil (by continuous infusion)-leucovorin, irinotecan, and oxaliplatin (FOLFOXIRI) demonstrated statistically significant improvements in response rate, radical surgical resection of metastases, progression-free survival, and overall survival compared with 6 months of induction chemotherapy with fluorouracil-leucovorin and irinotecan (FOLFIRI).
METHODS: From November 14, 2001, to April 22, 2005, we enrolled 244 patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. To evaluate if the superiority of FOLFOXIRI is maintained in the long term, we updated the overall and progression-free survival data to include events that occurred up to February 12, 2009, with a median follow-up of 60.6 months. We performed a subgroup and a risk-stratified analysis to examine whether outcomes differed in specific patient subgroups, and we analyzed the results of treatment afterprogression. Survival curves were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Multivariable Cox regression models were fit to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). All statistical tests were two-sided.
RESULTS: FOLFOXIRI demonstrated statistically significant improvements in median progression-free survival (9.8 vs 6.8 months, HR for progression = 0.59, 95% CI = 0.45 to 0.76, P<.001) and median overall survival (23.4 vs 16.7 months, HR for death = 0.74, 95% CI = 0.56 to 0.96, P = .026) with a 5-year survival rate of 15% (95% CI = 9% to 23%) vs 8% (95% CI = 4% to 14%). The improvements in progression-free survival and, to a lesser extent, in overall survival were evident even when the analysis excluded patients who received radical resection of metastases. With regard to the risk-stratified analysis, FOLFOXIRI results in longer progression-free survival and overall survival than FOLFIRI in all risk subgroups.
CONCLUSIONS: Six months of induction chemotherapy with FOLFOXIRI is associated with a clinically significant improvement in the long-term outcome compared with FOLFIRI with an absolute benefit in survival at 5 years of 7%.
U.O. Oncologia Medica 2 Universitaria - Polo Oncologico, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Pisana, Via Roma, 67 - 56126 Pisa, Italy. a.falcone@med.unipi.it