Official reprint from UpToDate®
www.uptodate.com ©2017 UpToDate, Inc. and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Medline ® Abstract for Reference 97

of 'Systemic chemotherapy for metastatic colorectal cancer: Completed clinical trials'

Multicenter phase II study of Nordic fluorouracil and folinic acid bolus schedule combined with oxaliplatin as first-line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer.
Sørbye H, Glimelius B, Berglund A, Fokstuen T, Tveit KM, Braendengen M,Øgreid D, Dahl O
J Clin Oncol. 2004;22(1):31.
PURPOSE: This Nordic multicenter phase II study evaluated the efficacy and safety of oxaliplatin combined with the Nordic bolus schedule of fluorouracil (FU) and folinic acid (FA) as first-line treatment in metastatic colorectal cancer.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighty-five patients were treated with oxaliplatin 85 mg/m(2) as a 2-hour infusion on day 1, followed by a 3-minute bolus injection with FU 500 mg/m(2) and, 30 minutes later, by a bolus injection with FA 60 mg/m(2) every second week. The same doses of FU and FA were also given on day 2.
RESULTS: Fifty-one of 82 assessable patients achieved a complete (n = 4) or partial (n = 47) response, leading to a response rate of 62% (95% CI, 52% to 72%). Nineteen patients showed stable disease, and 12 patients had progressive disease. Thirty-eight of the 51 responses were radiologically confirmed 8 weeks later (confirmed response rate, 46%; 95% CI, 36% to 58%). The estimated median time to progression was 7.0 months (95% CI, 6.3 to 7.7 months), and the median overall survival was 16.1 months (95% CI, 12.7 to 19.6 months) in the intent-to-treat population. Neutropenia was the main adverse event, with grade 3 to 4 toxicity in 58% of patients. Febrile neutropenia developed in seven patients. Nonhematologic toxicity consisted mainly of neuropathy (grade 3 in 11 patients and grade 2 in another 27 patients).
CONCLUSION: Oxaliplatin combined with the bolus Nordic schedule of FU+FA (Nordic FLOX) is a well-tolerated, effective, and feasible bolus schedule as first-line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer that yields comparable results compared with more complex schedules.
Department of Oncology, Haukeland University Hospital, 5021 Bergen, Norway. half@helse-bergen.no