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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 73

of 'Systemic chemotherapy for metastatic colorectal cancer: Completed clinical trials'

Efficacy and safety of bevacizumab-based combination regimens in patients with previously untreated metastatic colorectal cancer: final results from a randomised phase II study of bevacizumab plus 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin plus irinotecan versus bevacizumab plus capecitabine plus irinotecan (FNCLCC ACCORD 13/0503 study).
Ducreux M, Adenis A, Pignon JP, François E, Chauffert B, IchantéJL, Boucher E, Ychou M, Pierga JY, Montoto-Grillot C, Conroy T
Eur J Cancer. 2013 Apr;49(6):1236-45. Epub 2013 Jan 24.
BACKGROUND: The combination of bevacizumab and bolus 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin and irinotecan is highly effective in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). This randomised, multicenter, non-comparative phase II trial assessed the efficacy and safety of bevacizumab plus oral capecitabine plus irinotecan (XELIRI) or infusional 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin plus irinotecan (FOLFIRI) as first-line therapy for patients with mCRC.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients received bevacizumab 7.5mg/kg on day 1 plus XELIRI (irinotecan 200mg/m(2) on day 1 and oral capecitabine 1,000 mg/m(2) bid on days 1-14) every 3 weeks or bevacizumab 5mg/kg on day 1 plus FOLFIRI (5-fluorouracil 400mg/m(2) on day 1 plus 2,400 mg/m(2) as a 46-h infusion, leucovorin 400mg/m(2) on day 1, and irinotecan 180 mg/m(2) on day 1) every 2 weeks. Patients aged≥65 years received a lower dose of capecitabine (800 mg/m(2) twice daily).The primary endpoint was 6-month progression-free survival (PFS) rate.
RESULTS: A total of 145 patients were enrolled (bevacizumab-XELIRI, n=72; bevacizumab-FOLFIRI, n=73). The 6-month PFS rate was 82% (95% confidence intervals (CI) 71-90%) in the bevacizumab-XELIRI arm and 85% (95% CI 75-92%) in the bevacizumab-FOLFIRI arm. In both the bevacizumab-XELIRI and bevacizumab-FOLFIRI arms, median PFS and overall survival (OS) were 9 and 23 months, respectively. The most frequent toxicities were grade 3/4 neutropenia (bevacizumab-XELIRI 18%; bevacizumab-FOLFIRI 26%) and grade 3 diarrhoea (12% and 5%, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS: This randomised non-comparative study demonstrates that bevacizumab-XELIRI and bevacizumab-FOLFIRI are effective regimens for the first-line treatment of patients with mCRC with manageable toxicity profiles.
Department of Medicine, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, UniversitéParis-Sud, Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France. ducreux@igr.fr