Medline ® Abstract for Reference 47
of 'Systemic chemotherapy for metastatic colorectal cancer: Completed clinical trials'
Multicenter phase II trial evaluating a three-weekly schedule of irinotecan plus raltitrexed in patients with 5-fluorouracil-refractory advanced colorectal cancer.
Aparicio J, Vicent JM, Maestu I, GarceráS, Busquier I, Bosch C, Llorca C, Díaz R, Fernández-Martos C, Galán A
Ann Oncol. 2003;14(7):1121.
BACKGROUND: Irinotecan (CPT-11) and raltitrexed are active against advanced colorectal cancer (ACC), act through different mechanisms, and have only partially overlapping toxicity profiles. Phase I studies have shown that single-agent full doses of both drugs can be safely combined. The aim of this multicenter study was to assess the efficacy and toxicity of the combination in patients with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-refractory ACC.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between October 1999 and December 2000, 52 patients (31 males, 21 females) with a median age of 62 years (range 39-75) were included and received CPT-11 (350 mg/m(2) as a 60-min infusion) plus raltitrexed (3 mg/m(2) as a 15-min infusion, 1 h after CPT-11), with courses repeated every 21 days. Objective response was assessed after every three courses, and treatment maintained until tumor progression or unacceptable toxicity.
RESULTS: A total of 313 cycles were administered, with a median of six cycles per patient (range 1-14). Seven patients (13.5%) achieved a partial response and one a complete response (1.9%), for an overall intention-to-treat response rate of 15.4% (95% confidence interval 6.1% to 27.2%). The incidence of grade 3/4 toxicity was 23.1% for diarrhea, 21.2% for asthenia, 17.3% for neutropenia, 13.4% for emesis and 7.7% for infection. There were no treatment-related deaths. With a median follow-up of 20 months, median survival was 11.9 months and median time to progression was 4.6 months.
CONCLUSIONS: CPT-11 plus raltitrexed is active in patients with 5-FU-refractory ACC, at the expense of moderate toxicity.
Medical Oncology, Hospital Universitario La Fe, Valencia, Spain. email@example.com.