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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 45

of 'Systemic chemotherapy for metastatic colorectal cancer: Completed clinical trials'

Oxaliplatin plus raltitrexed and leucovorin-modulated 5-fluorouracil i.v. bolus: a salvage regimen for colorectal cancer patients.
Comella P, Casaretti R, Crucitta E, De Vita F, Palmeri S, Avallone A, Orditura M, De Lucia L, Del Prete S, Catalano G, Lorusso V, Comella G
Br J Cancer. 2002;86(12):1871.
The aim of the present study was to define the activity and tolerability of a triplet regimen including oxaliplatin 130 mg x m(-2) (2 h i.v. infusion) and raltitrexed 3.0 mg x m(-2) (15 min i.v. infusion) given on day 1, followed by levo-folinic acid 250 mg x m(-2) (2 h i.v. infusion) and 5-fluorouracil 1050 mg x m(-2) i.v. bolus on day 2, every 2 weeks, in pretreated colorectal cancer patients. From April 1999 to December 2000, 50 patients were enrolled: 26 were males and 24 females, their median age was 63 (range, 43-79) years; ECOG performance status was 0 in 26 patients,>or =1 in 24 patients; 26 patients had received previous adjuvant chemotherapy, 40 patients had been exposed to one or two lines of palliative chemotherapy (including irinotecan in 31 cases); 18 patients were considered chemo-refractory. A total of 288 cycles were administered, with a median number of 6 (range 1-12) courses per patient. A complete response was obtained in three patients, and a partial response in nine patients, giving a major response rate of 24% (95% confidence interval, 13-38%), while 15 further patients showed a stable disease, for an overall control of tumour growth in 60% of patients. Three complete responses and three partial responses were obtained in patients pretreated with irinotecan (response rate, 19%); among refractory patients, three achieved partial responses (response rate, 13%). After a median follow-up of 18 (range, 10-30) months, 40 patients showed a progression of disease: the growth modulation index ranged between 0.2 and 2.5: it was>or =1.33 (showing a significant delay of tumour growth) in 16 (40%) patients. Actuarial median progression-free survival time was 7.6 months, and median survival time was 13.6 months: estimated probability of survival was 55% at 1 year. Main severe toxicity was neutropenia: World Health Organisation grade 4 affected 32% of patients; non-haematological toxicity was mild: World Health Organisation grade 3 diarrhoea was complained of by 8%, and grade 3 stomatitis by 4% of patients; neurotoxicity (according to Lévi scale) was scored as grade 3 in 8% of patients. In conclusion, this regimen was manageable and active as salvage treatment of advanced colorectal cancer patients; it showed incomplete cross-resistance with irinotecan-based treatments, and proved to delay the progression of disease in a relevant proportion of treated patients.
Medical Oncology A, National Tumour Institute, Via M. Semmola, 80131 Naples, Italy. pcomella@sirio-oncology.it