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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 178

of 'Systemic chemotherapy for metastatic colorectal cancer: Completed clinical trials'

Phase II trial of cetuximab in combination with fluorouracil, leucovorin, and oxaliplatin in the first-line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer.
Tabernero J, Van Cutsem E, Díaz-Rubio E, Cervantes A, Humblet Y, AndréT, Van Laethem JL, SouliéP, Casado E, Verslype C, Valera JS, Tortora G, Ciardiello F, Kisker O, de Gramont A
J Clin Oncol. 2007;25(33):5225.
PURPOSE: This phase II study investigated the efficacy and safety of cetuximab combined with standard oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy (infusional fluorouracil, leucovorin, and oxaliplatin [FOLFOX-4]) in the first-line treatment of epidermal growth factor receptor-expressing metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC).
PATIENTS AND METHODS: The activity of cetuximab plus oxaliplatin was investigated in colon cancer cell lines and xenograft models. In the clinical study, patients with mCRC received on day 1 of a 14 day cycle, cetuximab (initial dose 400 mg/m(2) during week 1, then 250 mg/m(2) weekly) followed by FOLFOX-4 (oxaliplatin 85 mg/m(2) on day 1; leucovorin 200 mg/m(2) on days 1 and 2, followed by fluorouracil 400 mg/m(2) bolus then 600 mg/m(2) intravenous infusion during 22 hours on days 1 and 2).
RESULTS: The preclinical studies confirmed the supra-additive activity of cetuximab to oxaliplatin. In the clinical study, 43 patients were included, with a median age of 65 years (range, 43 to 78 years). Response rates (RRs) were 79% (unconfirmed) and 72% (confirmed), with 95% disease control. Median progression-free survival (mPFS) and median duration of response were 12.3 and 10.8 months, respectively. Ten patients (23%) underwent resection with curative intent of previously unresectable metastases. After a median follow-up of 30.5 months, median overall survival (mOS) was 30.0 months. Cetuximab did not increase the characteristic toxicity of FOLFOX-4 and was generally well tolerated.
CONCLUSION: Cetuximab in combination with FOLFOX-4 is a highly active first-line treatment for mCRC, showing encouraging RR, mPFS, and mOS values. The treatment resulted in a high resectability rate, which could potentially result in an improved cure rate. This combination is under phase III development.
Medical Oncology Department, Vall d'Hebron University Hospital, P. Vall d'Hebron, 119-129, 08035 Barcelona, Spain. jtabernero@vhebron.net