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Surgical treatment of essential tremor

Authors
Daniel Tarsy, MD
Ludy Shih, MD
Section Editor
Howard I Hurtig, MD
Deputy Editor
John F Dashe, MD, PhD

INTRODUCTION

Tremor is defined as a rhythmic and oscillatory movement of a body part with a relatively constant frequency and variable amplitude. It is caused by either alternating or synchronous contractions of antagonistic muscles. Tremor is the most common of all movement disorders, and essential tremor (ET) is the most common neurologic cause of postural or action tremor.

The criteria for ET and methods for distinguishing this from other tremors are shown in the tables (table 1 and table 2 and table 3). (See "Overview of tremor", section on 'Essential tremor'.)

Deep brain stimulation of the ventral intermediate nucleus of the thalamus and stereotactic thalamotomy appear to be effective treatments for severely disabling, medication-resistant ET.

This topic will review the surgical treatment of ET. The pharmacologic treatment of ET is discussed separately. (See "Treatment and prognosis of essential tremor".)

The classification, clinical features, and evaluation of the major types of tremor are discussed separately. (See "Overview of tremor".)

            

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Literature review current through: Nov 2016. | This topic last updated: Wed Sep 14 00:00:00 GMT 2016.
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