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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 51

of 'Surgical resection of sporadic pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors'

51
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Pancreatic endocrine tumors with major vascular abutment, involvement, or encasement and indication for resection.
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Norton JA, Harris EJ, Chen Y, Visser BC, Poultsides GA, Kunz PC, Fisher GA, Jensen RT
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Arch Surg. 2011 Jun;146(6):724-32.
 
BACKGROUND: Surgery for pancreatic endocrine tumors (PETs) with blood vessel involvement is controversial.
HYPOTHESIS: Resection of PETs with major blood vessel involvement can be beneficial.
DESIGN: The combined databases of the National Institutes of Health and Stanford University hospitals were queried.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Operation, pathologic condition, complications, and disease-free and overall survival.
RESULTS: Of 273 patients with PETs, 46 (17%) had preoperative computed tomography evidence of major vascular involvement. The mean size for the primary PET was 5.0 cm. The involved major vessel was as follows: portal vein (n = 20), superior mesenteric vein or superior mesenteric artery (n = 16), inferior vena cava (n = 4), splenic vein (n = 4), and heart (n = 2). Forty-two of 46 patients had a PET removed: 12 (27%) primary only, 30 (68%) with lymph nodes, and 18 (41%) with liver metastases. PETs were removed by either enucleation (n = 7) or resection (n = 35). Resections included distal or subtotal pancreatectomy in 23, Whipple in 10, and total in 2. Eighteen patients had concomitant liver resection: 10 wedge resection and 8 anatomic resections. Nine patients had vascular reconstruction: each had reconstruction of the superior mesenteric vein and portal vein, and 1 had concomitant reconstruction of the superior mesenteric artery. There were no deaths, but 12 patients had complications. Eighteen patients (41%) were immediately disease free, and 5 recurred with follow-up, leaving 13 (30%) disease-free long term. The 10-year overall survival was 60%. Functional tumors were associated with a better overall survival (P<.001), and liver metastases decreased overall survival (P<.001).
CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that surgical resection of PETs with vascular abutment/invasion and nodal or distant metastases is indicated.
AD
Department of Surgery, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, CA 94305-5641, USA. janorton@stanford.edu
PMID