Medline ® Abstract for Reference 27
of 'Surgical resection of sporadic pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors'
Determining prognosis in patients with pancreatic endocrine neoplasms: can the WHO classification system be simplified?
Ferrone CR, Tang LH, Tomlinson J, Gonen M, Hochwald SN, Brennan MF, Klimstra DS, Allen PJ
J Clin Oncol. 2007;25(35):5609.
PURPOSE: The WHO classification for well-differentiated pancreatic endocrine neoplasms (PENs) incorporates both stage and grade. This study compares the prognostic value of a simplified staging and grading system with the WHO system in a large single-institution study.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective database (1982 to 2005) identified 183 patients who underwent operative treatment for PENs. Tumors were staged (<2 cm primary,>/= 2 cm primary, or metastases) and graded (low grade: no necrosis and<two mitoses/50 high-powered fields [HPF]; or intermediate grade: necrosis and/or>/= two mitoses/50 HPF) with a simplified schema. Influence of stage and grade on recurrence and disease-specific survival (DSS) was determined. Prognostic strength was assessed with the concordance index (CI).
RESULTS: Median age of the 183 patients was 56 years, and 53% were women. Median follow-up time was 44 months (range, 1 to 226 months). Classification identified 28 patients (15%) with WHO 1.1 disease, 74 (41%) with 1.2 disease, and 81 (44%) with 2.0disease. Classification by stage identified 35 patients (19%) with tumors less than 2 cm, 96 (52%) with tumors>/= 2 cm, and 52 (29%) with nodal or distant metastases. Tumors were low grade in 102 patients (56%). Earlier stage tumors were more likely to be low grade (<2 cm, 83%;>/= 2 cm, 61%; metastases, 28%; P<.001). The WHO classification, tumor stage, and grade were associated with 5-year DSS (P<.001). Tumors>/= 2 cm or metastases are stratified by grade (5-year DSS rate for low v intermediate grade:>/= 2 cm, 97% v 80%, respectively; P<.001; metastases, 93% v 62%, respectively; P = .05). The CI was 0.72 for WHO, 0.71 for stage, 0.66 for grade, and 0.76 for stage combined with grade.
CONCLUSION: Accurate prognostic information can be obtained by combining tumor size and metastases with simple grading information based on necrosis and mitotic rate.
Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Howard 1223, 1275 York Ave, New York, NY 10021, USA.