Medline ® Abstract for Reference 22
of 'Surgical resection of lesions of the body and tail of the pancreas'
Safety of perioperative aspirin therapy in pancreatic operations.
Wolf AM, Pucci MJ, Gabale SD, McIntyre CA, Irizarry AM, Kennedy EP, Rosato EL, Lavu H, Winter JM, Yeo CJ
Surgery. 2014;155(1):39. Epub 2013 Jul 24.
BACKGROUND: Antiplatelet therapy with aspirin is prevalent among patients presenting for operative treatment of pancreatic disorders. Operative practice has called for the cessation of aspirin 7-10 days before elective procedures because of the perceived increased risk of procedure-related bleeding. Our practice at Thomas Jefferson University has been to continue aspirin therapy throughout the perioperative period in patients undergoing elective pancreatic surgery.
STUDY DESIGN: Records for patients undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy, distal pancreatectomy, or total pancreatectomy between October 2005 and February 2012 were queried for perioperative aspirin use in this institutional research board-approved retrospective study. Statistical analyses were performed with Stata software.
RESULTS: During the study period, 1,017 patients underwent pancreatic resection, of whom 289 patients (28.4%) were maintained on aspirin through the morning of the operation. Patients in the aspirin group were older than those not taking aspirin (median 69 years vs 62 years, P<.0001). The estimated intraoperative blood loss was similar between thetwo groups, aspirin versus no aspirin (median 400 mL vs 400 mL, P = .661), as was the rate of blood transfusion anytime during the index admission (29% vs 26%, P = 0.37) and the postoperative duration of hospital stay (median 7 days vs 6 days, P = .103). The aspirin group had a slightly increased rate of cardiovascular complications (10.1% vs 7.0%, P = .107), likely reflecting their increased cardiovascular comorbidities that led to their physicians recommending aspirin therapy. Rates of pancreatic fistula (15.1% vs 13.5%, P = .490) and hospital readmissions were similar (16.9% vs 14.9%, P = .451).
CONCLUSION: This is the first study to report that aspirin therapy is not associated with increased rates of perioperative bleeding, transfusion requirement, or major procedure related complications after elective pancreatic surgery. These data suggest that continuation of aspirin is safe and that the continuation of aspirin should be considered acceptable and preferable, particularly in patients with perceived substantial medical need for treatment with antiplatelet therapy.
Department of Surgery, Spectrum Health, Grand Rapids, MI.