Medline ® Abstract for Reference 18
of 'Supportive care of the patient with locally advanced or metastatic exocrine pancreatic cancer'
Pain relief with short-term irradiation in locally advanced carcinoma of the pancreas.
Morganti AG, Trodella L, Valentini V, Barbi S, Macchia G, Mantini G, Turriziani A, Cellini N
J Palliat Care. 2003;19(4):258-62.
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether a short radiation treatment (30 Gy, 3.0 Gy/fraction) had analgesic efficacy in patients with unresectable pancreatic carcinoma.
METHODS: Twelve patients were included in this analysis. Before starting and at four weeks after radiation therapy, pain intensity was evaluated and analgesic drug therapy was adjusted until a 0-3 pain score was reached (WHO).
RESULTS: No radiotherapy interruptions, no hospitalisation due to toxic reactions, and no severe toxicity were observed. Six patients (50%) had pain control without pharmacological therapy, three patients (25%) reduced their use (35%-72%) of analgesics, while in the remaining three patients (25%) there was no change in analgesic use. Overall, mean reduction in the use of analgesics was 63.1% +/- 43.8%. During follow-up (44 months), two patients (16.7%) showed a worsening of pain that required increased analgesia; in one patient, percutaneous splanchnicectomy was necessary.
CONCLUSION: In patients excluded from standard concomitant chemoradiation, hypofractionated-accelerated radiotherapy is feasible and results in pain relief in most patients, documented as a reduced need for analgesics.
Radiation Therapy Department, UniversitàCattolica del Sacro Cuore, Campobasso, Italy.