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Subcutaneous immunotherapy for allergic disease: Indications and efficacy

Author
Peter S Creticos, MD
Section Editor
Jonathan Corren, MD
Deputy Editor
Anna M Feldweg, MD

INTRODUCTION

Immunotherapy for allergic disease involves the administration of allergen to which the patient is sensitive, for the purpose of modulating the untoward immune response to that allergen and alleviating allergic symptoms. Immunotherapy is the only treatment that alters the abnormal immune response underlying allergic disease.

Subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) is the best established form of this treatment. The indications and efficacy for SCIT with aeroallergens (ie, inhaled allergens, such as pollens, dust mites, animal danders, etc) will be reviewed here. SCIT with other allergens, such as venoms or food allergens, is reviewed separately. Oral and sublingual forms of immunotherapy, rush immunotherapy, mechanisms of action, and the preparation of allergen extracts are also discussed elsewhere.

(See "Hymenoptera venom immunotherapy: Efficacy, indications, and mechanism of action".)

(See "Future therapies for food allergy", section on 'Subcutaneous immunotherapy'.)

(See "Sublingual immunotherapy for allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and asthma".)

                                    

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Literature review current through: Jan 2016. | This topic last updated: Dec 14, 2015.
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