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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 9

of 'Strongyloidiasis'

Prevalence of intestinal parasite infections among individuals with mental retardation in New York State.
Schupf N, Ortiz M, Kapell D, Kiely M, Rudelli RD
Ment Retard. 1995;33(2):84.
The prevalence of intestinal parasite infection among program participants of the New York State Office of Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities for the period 1986-1987 was estimated, and demographic factors associated with increased risk for infection were identified. The overall prevalence of infection was 7.3%. The two most prevalent infections were Enterobius vermicularis (4.5%) and strongyloides stercoralis (1.2%). Males and individuals with severe or profound mental retardation were twice as likely to be positive for the presence of intestinal parasites as females and individuals with mild/moderate retardation. The relatively low prevalence found in this study compared with previous surveys suggests that management of parasitic infection is improving in conjunction with developments in delivery of medical and habilitative services.
Laboratory of Epidemiology, New York State Institute for Basic Research in Developmental Disabilities, Staten Island 10314, USA.