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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 89

of 'Strongyloidiasis'

Strongyloidiasis: a review and update by case example.
Greiner K, Bettencourt J, Semolic C
Clin Lab Sci. 2008;21(2):82.
UNLABELLED: A 77-year-old female immigrant from South America presented with epigastric pain, diarrhea, gastrointestinal bleeding, malabsorption, and acid reflux disorder. A gastroduodenoscopy, performed to assess for peptic ulcer disease, revealed parasitic larvae in the duodenal mucosa which were subsequently identified as Strongyloides stercoralis rhabditiform larvae. Anti-helminthic therapy was initiated to resolve infection.
OBJECTIVES: Review the pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of strongyloidiasis; alert laboratory professionals to the importance of early detection of Strongyloides stercoralis in specimens from immigrants at risk and immunodeficient patients to reduce morbidity and mortality.
Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences (Clinical Microbiology, Clinical Immunology/Immu- nohematology), Marist College, Poughkeepsie, NY 12601, USA. Katherine.Greiner@Marist.Edu