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Strategies to reduce postoperative pulmonary complications in adults

Author
Gerald W Smetana, MD
Section Editors
Talmadge E King, Jr, MD
Mark D Aronson, MD
Roberta Hines, MD
Deputy Editor
Helen Hollingsworth, MD

INTRODUCTION

Postoperative pulmonary complications are common and a major cause of perioperative morbidity and mortality [1,2]. The major categories of clinically significant complications include [3]:

Atelectasis

Infection, including bronchitis and pneumonia

Prolonged mechanical ventilation and respiratory failure

Exacerbation of underlying chronic lung disease

                       

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Literature review current through: Nov 2016. | This topic last updated: Mon Feb 29 00:00:00 GMT 2016.
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