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Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia in children: Epidemiology and clinical features

Authors
Vance G Fowler, Jr, MD
Daniel J Sexton, MD
Sheldon L Kaplan, MD
Section Editor
Morven S Edwards, MD
Deputy Editor
Carrie Armsby, MD, MPH

INTRODUCTION

Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause of both community-associated and hospital-acquired bacteremia. S. aureus bacteremia (SAB) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, even with appropriate therapy.

Several underlying conditions predispose patients to the development of SAB. The presence of individual risk factors substantially affects clinical management. Thus, clinicians need to inquire specifically as to the presence or absence of these risk factors before making clinical decisions regarding treatment.

The epidemiology and clinical features of SAB in children will be reviewed here. The management and outcome of SAB in children are discussed separately. (See "Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia in children: Management and outcome".)

EPIDEMIOLOGY

Bacteremia caused by S. aureus can be divided into three categories:

Hospital-onset healthcare-acquired (previously known as hospital-acquired or nosocomial)

                       

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Literature review current through: Nov 2016. | This topic last updated: Thu Feb 18 00:00:00 GMT 2016.
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