Medline ® Abstract for Reference 44
of 'Sideline evaluation of concussion'
Standardized assessment of concussion (SAC): on-site mental status evaluation of the athlete.
McCrea M, Kelly JP, Randolph C, Kluge J, Bartolic E, Finn G, Baxter B
J Head Trauma Rehabil. 1998;13(2):27.
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the clinical utility of the Standardized Assessment of Concussion (SAC) in detecting concussion in athletes.
METHOD: Athletic trainers administered the SAC to 568 nonconcussed high school and college football players prior to the 1995 and 1996 football seasons. Thirty-three of these players experienced concussion and were tested immediately following injury; 28 of the 33 underwent additional follow-up testing 48 hours after the injury.
RESULTS: Concussed players scored significantly below nonconcussed controls on all SAC measures and significantly below their own pre-injury baseline performance. Follow-up testing documented return to preinjury baseline.
CONCLUSION: These findings support the SAC's effectiveness in detecting concussion and tracking recovery in order to determine a player's fitness to return to play.
Waukesha Memorial Hospital, Waukesha, WI 53188, USA.