Medline ® Abstracts for References 1,2
of 'Sideline evaluation of concussion'
Consensus statement on concussion in sport-the 5(th) international conference on concussion in sport held in Berlin, October 2016.
McCrory P, Meeuwisse W, Dvorak J, Aubry M, Bailes J, Broglio S, Cantu RC, Cassidy D, Echemendia RJ, Castellani RJ, Davis GA, Ellenbogen R, Emery C, Engebretsen L, Feddermann-Demont N, Giza CC, Guskiewicz KM, Herring S, Iverson GL, Johnston KM, Kissick J, Kutcher J, Leddy JJ, Maddocks D, Makdissi M, Manley GT, McCrea M, Meehan WP, Nagahiro S, Patricios J, Putukian M, Schneider KJ, Sills A, Tator CH, Turner M, Vos PE
Br J Sports Med. 2017;
The Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia.
Pathophysiology of Sports-Related Concussion.
Steenerson K, Starling AJ
Neurol Clin. 2017;35(3):403. Epub 2017 May 30.
Concussion pathophysiology is complicated and involves numerous mechanisms, including excessive neurotransmitter release, metabolic derangements, neuroinflammation, cerebral blood flow changes, and axonal disruption. The initial biomechanical impact in a concussion results in abnormal function at the cellular level, which initiates a cascade of events that leads to microstructural changes and, in the minority of cases, more persistent, permanent damage.
Neurology, Barrow Neurological Institute, 350 West Thomas Road, Phoenix, Arizona 85013, USA.